Three-quarters of all POW shipments came through the northern Kyushu port of Moji. A very moving documentary to watch is Sleep My Sons: The Story of the Arisan Maru. The greatest transport ship disaster in history is the sinking of the Junyo Maru -- only 15 survived out of 5,655 American, Australian, British, Dutch, Indonesian POWs and Javanese laborers.
Official Japanese records tell a grim story: of 55,279 Allied POWs transported by sea, 10,853 drowned, including 3,632 Americans. At least 500 perished at sea from disease and thirst....The destination of 90 percent of those vessels was Japan.